Wednesday, September 30, 2020

52 Ancestors 2020 #39 - No need to make a movie, Mary Reynolds was the typical Irish Immigrant of 1800s

Mary Reynolds (W of Lawrence Barnwell)

Of the many Irish immigrants to North America, my great great grandmother, Mary Reynolds, wife of Lawrence Barnwell is the typical immigrant of the 1800s. 

She immigrated to New York with her parents and married, lived and died in NYC, Brooklyn and was buried in Queens, NY. That's about all I know of her other than the bare facts. 

1892 NYS Census of Mary (Reynolds) Barnwell and John Barnwell

Birth, Marriage and Children.

Mary Reynolds born about 1860 in Ireland. 
She immigrated to New York City and married Lawrence Barnwell, another Irish immigrant. 
Their children: 
1 John Joseph Lawrence Barnwell (1881–1948) My great grandfather; born in Brooklyn, NY
2 Mary Ellen Barnwell (1885–1984) married a J. O'Brien
3 Lawrence Barnwell (1888–1889) 
4 Richard Barnwell (1890–?)
5 Alice Veronica Barnwell (1891–1918)

The family appears in a NYC directory, and in the 1892 NYS Census. There is no surviving Federal Census with them in it. The NYS census has much less detail than the Federal Census.

1892 NY State Census (Feb, 1892)
Brooklyn, NY
Lawrence, husband, born Ireland, Occupation: laborer
Mary, wife; Born, Ireland
John— 10 years, born USA
Mary— 8 years, born USA
Alice– 1 year, born USA

Mary drops out of sight. It's possible she lived with her husband's relatives--some of them were in Connecticut or with her married daughter and son-in-law. 

How do I know her Maiden Name was Reynolds?
There are two key pieces of evidence that Mary Barnwell’s maiden name was Reynolds: 
1 Death Certificate of son Lawrence Barnwell who lived less than 1 year, dying on 5 Mar 1889
Lawrence Barnwell the son of Mary Reynolds and Lawrence Barnwell
Born: 27 June 1888
Location: 1345 2nd Avenue, NY NY, USA
Father: Lawrence Barnwell
Mother: Mary Barnwell
Mother's Maiden name: Reynolds
Certificate Number: Birth 16883

and 2 her own death certificate:
INDEX TO DEATH CERTIFICATES, NY, NY 1862-1948
Name: Mary Barnwell, maiden name: Reynolds
Female, Born: Ireland 
Spouse: Lawrence Barnwell 
Child: Alice Veronica [Barnwell] O'Connor
Death Certificate Number: 10114

Mary Reynolds Barnwell died on 3 Dec 1943 in Brooklyn, New York, at the age of 83, and was buried in Queens County, New York.

From Find A Grave (index)
Name Mary Barnwell (Female) 
Birth: 1 Jun 1860 in Ireland
Died: 6 Dec 1943 in Brooklyn, NY, USA 
Buried: Calvary Cemetery, Woodside, Queens County, NY, USA

-----------
All records obtained are on Ancestry.com.
The information on where to start looking is from documents I wrote or saved that my father gave me about his grandparents and great grandparents.



Saturday, September 19, 2020

52 Ancestors 2020 - #38 Mapping the Moves of Reynier /Reynear Tyson

Reynear Tyson & Margaret Strypers
Where Did They Live?

On the 11th of Jun, 1683 (William), Penn conveyed to Govert Remke, Lenart Arets, and Jacob Issace Van Bebber one thousand acres of land each, providing  that a certain number of families should go to Pennsylvania within a specified time.  
Very soon thirteen men, with their families, comprising thirty-three persons, nearly all of whom were relatives, were ready to embark from Rotterdam for London.  Through James Claypoole, a Quaker merchant in London, passage had been engaged for them and the money paid in advance.
Krefeld, Germany
The ship "Concord" sailed from England 7 mo. 24, 1683, and arrived in Philadelphia on 10 mo. 6, 1683.  
One member of this little band was Reynier Tyson, a young man, and believed to have been unmarried.  
With his companions he settled in Germantown, and later removed to Abington
When in Germantown, under the Penn Charter, he was one of the Burgesses, 1692, 1693, 1694, 1696.  
Base of Founder's Statue, annotated
He was one of the signers of the certificate, issued by the Quarterly Meeting in Philadelphia, addressed to the London Yearly Meeting, which Samuel Junnings bore with him to London, 1693, concerning the Keith controversy.  
In Abington he was a large landowner and an active businessman.
In a memorial published in the "Friend," Vol, XXX., page 229, it is recorded that: 
"Reynier Tyson was born in Germany in the year 1659.  
He was convinced of the truth whilst living there, and for his faithfulness thereto suffered persecution. 
He removed to Pennsylvania a few years after William Penn first obtained the Province, and settled himself within the limits of Abington Monthly Meeting, then called Dublin. 
He continued faithful to the manifestations of truth received, and grew in the esteem of his friends to a father in the church.  In the year 1725 he was appointed an elder, and continued faithful in fulfilling the duties of the station until prevented by age and indisposition.  His friends say he was innocent and inoffensive in life and conversation, and diligent in attending his religious meetings. 
He lived, beloved and honored, to a good old age, dying on the 27th of the seventh month, 1745, aged about eighty-six years." 
----------------------------
In the drawing for lots which took place in the riverbank cave of Pastorius, Reynier Tyson drew No. 5. 
He had purchased fifty acres in the Germantown township and lot No. 5 was laid out along the east side of the Main Street of Germantown, extending southwardly from where Bringhurst Street has since been opened. It reached in front of the highway 231 feet and extended back to the township line. It contained about 18 acres, undoubtedly his first home was erected on this lot. 
To the north of him was the home of Leonard Arets, from whom he had bought, and next towards the city was the lot of Jan Lucken.
Toward his fifty acres he was also given the corresponding No. 5 of the “side lots towards Bristol,” which contained twenty-two acres, lying just north of the present Washington Lane, and extending from the present Chew Street to Stenton Avenue, which was the township line. (See Map in History of Old Germantown). 
To complete the fifty acres there were 18 ¾ acres “broad thirteen perches and twelve feet” in the side land towards Pymouth betwixt the said inhabited part and the land of Jonas Potts.
This land Tyson held by virtue of a deed of sale from Leonard Arets, a first purchaser of 250 acres. 
Tyson's Lot in Germantown, PA 
The deed was dated October 10, 1683, and acknowledged in open court in Germantown, held Eighth Month 8th 1692. These three tracts Tyson sold in 1708 to one Isaac Van Sintern of Philadelphia for one hundred pounds (Philadelphia Deed Book E 5, Vol 7, p. 78).

Reynier Tyson, as he prospered, bought other lands in Germantown.
1st: Two parcels of land adjacent one to the other being both in breadth 14 perches and four feet and in length 11 perches and fifteen feet, being bounded southeasterly with the lot once of John Streipers and now Reiner Tison, westerly with the land of the liberties of the City of Philadelphia, and northward with the lot formerly of Herman op den Graeff and eastward with the eleven acres of Dirck op den Graeff. (Bought November 20, 1692, and November 13, 1683, and sold to John Henry Kuston, April 30, 1709.)
2nd: Two other pieces: “One situated in the inhabited part of the said town, being the very first lot of the same on the west side, containing 23 1/2 acres, making both 50 acres. (Bought of the Trustees of John Streipers, Crefeld, Germany, confirmed on open court in Germantown 12th Mo. 8th, 1703/4. 
Sold April 30, 1709, to John Henry Kuston. (Philadelphia Deed Book E 5, Vol. 7. p 205, etc.)
3rd: Two tracts in Crefeld in the German township, fifty acres of which he bought of Herman op den Graeff 3rd Mo. 1684, and sixty-six acres likewise in Crefeld which he bought of Dirck op den Graeff, 9th Mo. 27th, 1683. 
These were sold to William Strepers, "Leather Dresser" for 35 pounds, January 16, 1699 (Recorded Philadelphia Deed Book G, Vol. 10, p. 301, etc.)

 Reynier Tyson Moves to Abington
On Holmes Great Map of 1684, in the section which is easily identified as the modern Abington Township, is a five hundred acre tract extending from the Cheltenham Township line to the Susquehanna Street Road and labeled “Isaac Hobbs.” 
This is roughly described as being along certain lines of marked trees 480 perches, just a mile and a half in length, and 167 perches, or a little over one-half mile in width. This was patented to Hobbs in 1684 (Patent Book A, Vol 1, p. 259) 
This tract Hobbs sold in 1699 to John Colley, a hatter of Philadelphia, and he, in the following year, sold the half of it lying next to Cheltenham Township to “Reynier Tyson of Germantown, Yeoman.” (Penna. Archives, Second Series, Vol XIX, Minute Book “G,” p. 423.)
Just when Reynier Tyson moved from Germantown to Abington is not clear. 
It was not until 1708 and 1709 that he sold his home and the considerable other property he had accumulated in the Germantown Township, and the presumption would be that he moved to Abington about that time. 
He continued to live on his Abington farm the remainder of his years. 
His family became closely identified with the social life of Abington Meeting and most of his children intermarried with the members and attenders of that Meeting.
In 1727 he and his wife Margaret conveyed the Abington farm to their son Isaac, reserving to themselves, in the quaint language of the deed, “One room, commonly called the stove room, and also the kitchen, and free ingress and egress to the rest of the rooms in the said messuage, during the remainder of their lives.” 
This home farm descended from Isaac to his son Isaac (see Partition proceedings, Orphans Court, June 11, 1770), and again to an Isaac and his sister Sarah who in 1830 sold it out of the family to Samuel Schofield. 
This land may be roughly identified as lying north of the Germantown and Willow Grove Turnpike (or the Plank Road), and extending from Cheltenham Township line on the northwest to the road leading from Jenkintown to Fritzwatertown, called in some of the deeds, Jenkintown Road, on the southwest. 
The growing village of Glenside was spread over its western portion, and old property lines have long since disappeared. The land lay gently to the south on the lower slopes of Edgehill, and is underlaid with limestone. 

The lime which was used to build the State House in Philadelphia is said to have come from the kilns on the Tyson place, whether this is some other Tyson farm in Abington is unclear. A little stream crosses it southwestwardly, flowing eventually into Frankford Creek.

In the tax list of 1734 are the following assessments in Abington Township:
John Kirk -----250 acres
Isaac Tyson---100 acres
Rynier Tyson  100 acres
John Tyson -----60 acres
Peter Tyson ----200 acres
Abraham Tyson—60 acres
In Upper Dublin, Dirick Tyson –100 acres
In Northern Liberties, Richard Tyson—100 acres
In Perkiomen & Skippack, Matthias Tyson ---200 acres

Rynear Tyson’s Will
I, Rynear Tyson, of Abington in ye County of Philadelphia in ye Province of Pennsylvania, yeoman, being tho’ the Divine Mercy in Health of Body and of sound Mind and Memory & calling to mind that is is appointed for men once to die do make this my last Will and Testament, revoking & hereby disannulling all & every will & wills, Testament & Testaments heretofore by me made & declared either by Word or Writing and this only to be taken for my Last Will & Testament and none other & touching such Temporal Estate as it has pleased God to bless me with. I do hereby order, give & dispose of ye same in manner & form following. 
That is to say: First I will that all my Just Debts & funeral Expenses be honestly paid & discharged out of my Estate by my Excr, hereinafter named. 
Then I give, devise & bequeath unto my Grandson Matthew Tyson (son of my son Matthias Tyson) the sum of six Pounds current money of Penna. to be paid unto him out of my Estate by Executors at ye end or expiration of one full year after my decease which said Six pounds shall be in full  Barr against all or any of my said son Matthias Tyson’s Heirs claiming any further right to any other part of my estate. 
My Said Son Matthias Tyson having allredy in his life received of me his full share of my Estate. 
Then I give, devise, and bequeath unto my sons John Tyson, Abraham Tyson, Derick Tyson & Peter Tyson ye sum of Six pounds current money of Penna to each of them to be paid unto each of them, their Heirs or Assigns out of my Estate by my Executor at ye End and Expiration of one full year after my decease. 
Item. I give unto my son Henry Tyson the sum of Eight pounds of like lawfull money the aforesaid which said Eight pounds is to be allowed by him to be the Eight pounds that I answered for him to Benjamin Lay. 
Item. I give unto my Daughters Elizabeth Luken and Sarah Kirk ye sum of Six pounds Lawfull money of Pennsylvania to each of them to be paid unto them or their assigns by my Executor at ye Expiration of one full year after my Decease and over and above what is above Devised I give unto my daughter Elizabeth Luken all my Dutch [Deutch?] books. 
Also my mind and will is that all goods Remaining in ye Stove Roome (except ye stove) shall be equally divided between my sons John, Abraham, Derick, Peter and Henry and my Daughters Elizabeth Lukens and Sarah Kirk. 
Share and Share alike and further it is in my mind and will that on ye receipt of the aforesaid legacies or sums by me bequeathed hereby, that all and all manner of writings that in any wise belongeth to me or that is in any wise relating to any affairs of mine being in ye hands or keeping of any of my aforesaid Children shall without delay be given and delivered up unto the hands of my Executor. 
Item. I give unto my Granddaughter Abigail Tyson my Riding hors to ye use of her and her assigns forever and my mind and will also is that what Remains of my estate over and above ye aforesaid Legacies by me here in before bequeathed that the same shall be and continue in ye hands of my Executor to be ye use of him and his Heirs and Assigns forever.
And lastly, I do hereby nominate, constitute and appoint my son Isaac Tyson to be my Executor of this my Last Will and Testament. In Witness Whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal the twenty first day of December in ye year of our Lord 1741.
Be it known y’t: it is ye mind of y testator that no more of his goods but what is in ye Stove Rooms is to be divided among ye above Legatees inserted before signing.
His

   Reynour       ✘       Tyson (seal)

Mark
Published pronounced and declared
by ye sd. Reynour Tyson

SOURCES for this post:
1 The settlement of Germantown, Pennsylvania, and the beginning of German emigration to North America by Hon Samuel Whitaker Pennypacker, LLD; Printed: William J Campbell, Philadelphia, 1899, New Era Printing Company, Lancaster, PA  (Internet Archive.org; Sept 2020)
Genealogy of the Shoemaker family of Cheltenham by Shoemaker, Benjamin H, 1827 Pub 1903, J. B. Lippincott, Philadelphia PA pp 13 and 14 (Internet Archive, Sep 2020). 
3 Reynear Tyson's Will: from Ancestry.com (accessed Sept 2019)
4 Descendant Information from: FamilySearch.com; Ancestry.com and Archives of Margaret B Walmer and Edwin C Tyson

Descendants of Reynear Tyson

Reynear Tyson & Margaret Streypers

Their children

Mathias 1686–1727

Isaac 1688–1766

Elizabeth 1690–1765

John1  1692–1775

Abraham 1694–1781

Derrick 1696–1776

Sarah 1698–1780

Peter 1700–1791

Henry 1702–1738

 John Tyson1 (1692–1775) M Priscilla Naylor (1697–1760)

Their children

Reynear Tyson 1721–1797

*John Tyson 1730–1768

Susanna Tyson

Mary Tyson

Sarah Tyson

Margaret Tyson

Elisabeth Tyson

 John Tyson2 M. (1730-1768) M Hannah Cleaver (1737–1811)

Their children

*John Tyson Abt 1760 Abington, Philadelphia, PA D 1794

Rebecca Tyson 1763–

Isaac Tyson 1765–1835

 John3 Tyson 1760-1794 M Mary Kirk B Aug 1757

Their children

*John Tyson 1787–1847

Mary Tyson 1789–

Seth Tyson 1792–

Hannah Tyson 1794–1875

John4 Tyson 1787-1847 M. Sarah Comly 1787-1818

Their children:

John K Tyson 1813

Calvin Tyson 1811 (?)

*Edwin Comly Tyson 1809-1886

 

My 3rdgreat grandparents

Edwin Comly Tyson 1809-1886 M Susan (Susannah) Griffith 1807-1875 

Their children:

Seth Tyson 1835-1835

Isaac Griffith Tyson 1833-1913

Rachel Griffith Tyson 1836-1874

Ruth Anna Tyson 1840-1913

*Charles John Tyson 1838-1906

Rebecca Watson Tyson 1842-1923

2nd great grandparents

Charles John Tyson  M Maria Edith Griest 1840-1927

Their children:

Edwin Comly Tyson 1864-1945 

William Cyrus Tyson 1879-1953

Mary Anna Tyson 1866-1931

*Chester Julian Tyson 1877-1938

Great Grandparents

Chester Julian Tyson 1877-1938 M Bertha Charity Hawxhurst


Monday, September 14, 2020

52 Ancestors #37-SCHOOL: Samantha Allard Teaches School and Finds a Husband

Samantha Allard, my husband’s great-great grandmother, was born 10 Apr 1840 in West Ely, Shefford, Quebec, Canada.

Samantha was the schoolteacher to the Kendall children (and others) in a rural one-room schoolhouse. Little did she know at the start of her teaching job, that she’d end up married to a father of some of her students. 

I don’t know how much they earned, but based on my understanding of the area and the era, she may have been paid in produce and the like. It was a small country school, much like many others that dotted the Eastern Townships of Quebec at that time. It probably resembled schools in this website: Eastern Townships Schools
I am guessing it was small then (Lawrenceville has a population of 662, Stukely and West Ely are tiny crossroads). 

When she was 20 she married the widower, Joseph Ward Kendall, on 30 May 1860 in Lawrenceville, Shefford Methodist Church in Quebec, Canada. (Was it love, or maybe there were no better prospects?)
1862 Gazeeter. Ely Twnship is circled
The much younger Samantha Allard and her husband Joseph Ward Kendall
As mentioned in an earlier blogpost about her son Luke, her husband Joseph Ward Kendall was 20 years older than his new wife. 
Joseph Kendall, born in 1820, was the son of Henry Kendall and Dorothy Thankful Parker.

Their Family:
Their first surviving child together was Isaiah Johnston Kendall born on 4 Sep 1863 in Lawrenceville, Shefford County, Quebec, Canada.
Their second son was my husband’s great grandfather 
Luke Hale Kendall, was born 27 Dec 1866 in Lawrenceville, Shefford County, Quebec, Canada (died 1948).
Luke Hale Kendall prob 1882
The couple went on to have: 
3 Gardner Ward Kendall (1871-1935) 
Dorothy Vermilia Kendall (1874–1941) 
5 A son Alpheus Gordon Kendall (1876-1956) 
6 Florence Marion Amanda Kendall (1878-1935) 
Jennie Grace Kendall (1886-1908)
Prior to the birth of her last child, in 1881, her father, Stephen Allard died. 
By the time little Jennie Grace was 4 or 5, by 1891, the family had moved and were living in Waterloo, Quebec, a city of some size. 
Within 7 years her husband died, on August 5 1898 in Waterloo, Joseph was 78 years old. 
Ten years later, her daughter Jennie also died at the age of 22 in Massachusetts.
Samantha lived on for a while in Waterloo.

Death:
She died in 1913.
I found her death recorded in Folio 3 of the registers for Masonville Methodist Church, Quebec says “Samantha Elizabeth Allard, age 73 years, 6 days, relict [widow] of Joseph Kendall died on this date” it was April 16, 1913. 
The Waterloo Advertiser Apr 25 reported she died "after many years of suffering from rheumatism."
Family Photo:
Samantha Allard, 2nd wife of Jos Kendall and their children
Seated, middle: Joseph Ward Kendall with  Samantha Elizabeth (Allard) and their 7 children. 
In the back: Luke Hale, Isaiah Johnston, and Dorothy Vermilia. 
Seated in the front : Gardner Ward, Alpheus Gordon, Florence, and on Samantha's lap is Jenny Grace. 

Burial:
Joseph and Samantha Allard Kendall, as well as many other Kendalls and relations are buried in the Waterloo Graveyard (Protestant). 
A great-great grandson at the Waterloo Cemetery in 2018

---------------------
Because Joseph had several children from his first family, I cannot omit them here:
Joseph's first wife:
Emily Hunt (not a direct ancestor) - 
B 8 Sep 1819 , Quebec, Canada
D 21 Aug 1858 Shefford, , Quebec, Canada
These are the children of Emily & Joseph W Kendall
1 Henry Peter Kendall 1842–1920
2 Rachel Kendall 1844–1917
3 Vining Paul Kendall 1846–1927
4 James W Kendall 1848–1868
5 Elizabeth Kendall 1850–1871
6 John Frederick Kendall 1854–?
7 Adelbert Kendall 1856–1927
8 Baby Kendall 1858–1858

Photo Credit:
Copy of the original photo of the family in possession of  Linda Kendall Sawyer of New Hampshire.
Photos of Eastern Townships from online sources.
Photo of cemetery, by myself (AC Johnson)

Thursday, September 10, 2020

52 Ancestors #36 2020 - Chester J Tyson's Labor of Love (and Why A Building is Named after Him)

LABOR

It's easy to list jobs but it's hard to know what it takes to actually do those jobs.
Then there is volunteering. I spent many, many hours of my life on boards and committees and receiving no reward nor recognition for it--but I don't expect it.

My great grandfather Chester J Tyson was a farmer and he held many interests in his field of horticulture. 
Chester Julian Tyson abt 1912

In addition to his own business and orchards, he helped the (read this post for more:) US government send the first food aid to starving Europeans after World War 1, but he also served on a Board at Penn State at State College (now called "University Park")
Rarely does one have a published document about one's own family members' activities and habits. 
Chester Tyson (2nd frm R) with 3 US Presidents and Food Aid Comm. 1919
But I am lucky enough to have a full description from a magazine about Chester's activities as a Board Member at State College, and what made him so distinctive as a Board Member that the school named a building after him. 


The article below appeared in “Pennsylvania Farmer”  It's a summary telling readers why buildings are named after people. (It has to do with sacrifice).  
After reading this, I can see why they named a building after him. (I believe his own children didn't know half of this information at the time). And, he's in that list of forebears I would have liked to have known. (The copy of the article is from my aunt Margaret B Tilton Walmer's archives.)

I transcribed it so it would be easier to read:

Penn State Remembers
"This Adams County fruit grower gave much to the College. And it was never forgotten. 
This year a building was named in his honor.
By a recent action of the Board of Trustees of the Pennsylvania State University the building formerly known as the Plant Science Building is now Tyson Hall
Older subscribers to the Pennsylvania Farmer do not need to be told who Chester J Tyson was, but for the younger generation it is well to give a bit of his history, as his life was a fine example for public service.
Gabriel Hiester was a prominent fruit grower in the vicinity of Harrisburg. At A delegate meeting at the College in 1879, he was elected to the Board of Trustees. He was appointed to the Executive Committee of the Board in 1908 and served on the Agriculture Advisory Committee until his death in 1912. During Heister’s period of service the delegates from the county agricultural and engineering organizations were largely from the county horticultural societies and Hiester was regarded as representing the horticultural interests on the Board although he was too broad a man to confine his efforts to any one branch of agriculture.
SEVERE LOSS
Gabriel Hiester’s death in 1912 was a severe loos to the Board of Trustees and presented a serious problem to the delegates to appoint a replacement of his caliber. At the meeting in 1912 Chester J Tyson was selected.
The Tysons, an old Quaker family, had moved from the Philadelphia area into Adams County at Flora Dale near Biglerville and established a fruit nursery and commercial planting of apples. Chester grew up in these surroundings and later with his two brothers he expanded the orchard plantings and organized an orchard supply company which became well known throughout the Cumberland-Shenandoah orchard area.
TYSON A TRUSTEE
Chester Tyson came to the Board of Trustees at a critical time. Penn State was just beginning to recognize its future role as a land grant college and to realize the importance of the School of Agriculture in that development. In 1912 the School had an enrollment of 514 regular four-year students and a faculty of 60. The recent development of the agricultural extension division and establishment of the country agricultural extension agent service was bringing the school in much closer contact with the farmers of the state. The general increase in college enrollment following the close of the first World War was necessitating a very rapid development of the School of Agriculture along with a large increase in the entire College. 
To aid in securing new staff members, to get increased appropriations for new buildings and to expand the college area, especially the College farms, to keep up with this growth, required dedicated service from the Trustees both at State College and at Harrisburg. 
In those days there was no Nittany Lion Inn and only a horse-drawn carryall for transportation. A meeting of the Board of Trustees could mean three to four days away from home and uncertain accommodations at State College.
Chester Tyson took all these responsibilities very seriously. The rapid expansion of campus buildings was overrunning the areas formerly used by the Horticulture Department. When New Beaver Field took the land where the second College orchard was planted, one of the last acts of Gabriel Hiester was to secure the area now called the Hiester Farm for the future use of the Horticulture Department. 
Tyson followed the development of these orchards very closely and during nearly every Board meeting took time to go over plans and to visit the area. Frequently he persuaded Dean Watts to go with him. 
The close friendship between Watts and Tyson many times worked to the advantage of the School of Agriculture during Board Meeting.
TYSON AND BAYARD
Chester Tyson and Ed Bayard believed it was their responsibility to know personally the staff of the School of Agriculture. Bayard kept close watch of agronomy and the animal industries; Tyson’s special interest was horticulture. 
Hardly a Board meeting went by without these men spending some time with staff members in their particular fields. Also they were always interested in the problem of selecting new members. Although it was not his particular field, Ed Bayard was responsible for bringing Frank Fagan to Penn State.
These visits did not stop with the department head. The staff was small in those days and Bayard and Tyson together knew practically all in the School of Agriculture. No new farms were purchased without the careful study of these two. They knew the research program and followed its development closely. Their shrewd but kindly criticism and suggestions encouraged many a young staff member through very trying times.

Practically all of the research program of the Horticulture Department had its beginning during Tyson's period of service. He served on the Executive Committee of the Board from 1924 until his death in 1938. In this position he was able to secure budgetary recognition of the needs of the Department at a time when money was very difficult to secure.

His standing among commercial growers was a great help in establishing contacts for field studies. The limited facilities and restricted finances at State College made it necessary to conduct many field tests with the fruit and vegetable growers of the state. Any of the Tyson orchards was always available for such tests.

FINANCIAL SACRIFICE
Very few people, even staff members, realize the financial contribution the early trustees made in long service on the Board. Ed Bayard once said it had cost him $10,000 during his period of service and this did not include loss of time spent on College business. 
Tyson’s expenses were probably very close to Bayard’s. To carry on the half dozen experiments in his own orchards was no small addition to this expense.
Institutions are notoriously forgetful of their benefactors. In a College generation the services of its pioneers are all but forgotten. The least that could be done was to dedicate a suitable building to one whose services have meant so much to the growth of the University."
   ~ B. D. Anthony; Pennsylvania Farmer, November 10, 1956

Sources:
Margaret B Walmer Archives (photos)
And photocopy of this article:  B. D. Anthony; Pennsylvania Farmer, November 10, 1956

Saturday, August 29, 2020

52 Ancestors 2020 - #35 Unforgettable Family: Kindness, Goodness and Love - the Chester Tyson family

“...people forget the words you speak to them, but remember how you have made them feel...” - Frank A. Patterson Jr. 1

“Kindness is a language which the deaf can hear and the blind can see.”  attributed to Mark Twain

An Unforgettable Family

What makes a family unforgettable? What makes a family unforgettable? An outsized story? And adventurous spirit full of pioneers, wildernesses and hardships? Or one of contrasts? Of great gain and loss? Or, the characters who make it up? An convict, and a detective? Or, a clergyman, a political leader, or a warrior? A research scientist or a fantastically creative artist? 

Or just a family which was full "kindness, goodness, and love"

My great grandfather Chester Tyson and his wife Bertha Hawxhurst filled a house full of children (house is pictured at the top of this blog). They had to have household help to keep things running in the house. Bertha usually had more than one person helping her and when my grandmother was old enough, she was drafted to help out as well. 

Daisy Orner was a "regular" who worked for many years at the Tyson homestead or "Hill House" as some people referred to it. Near the end of my grandmother's life, she moved back to her home (which was owned then by her daughter). Apparently Daisy heard Elizabeth, child of Chester and Bertha, was in town and wrote her a letter. I don't know what prompted it. 
Daisy must have been very old at the time as my grandmother was likely in her late 80s. She describes the household as one "filled with kindness, goodness, and love" ( and who would know better than someone who was there everyday?)  
In my estimation, that would make the Tyson-Hawxhurst family unforgettable.
page 1 from Daisy Orner to Elizabeth Tyson [Tilton]

Transcription of page 1:
Dear Elizabeth
I am the one that walked the path through the apple orchard to the beautiful Bertha and Chester Tyson Estate and there [sic] adorable family to help care for them.
A family of children that was always full of kindness, goodness, and love. 
Never did I hear an unkind word - that leaves precious memories.
The first day I came to work was taken in to the library to do some cleaning were [where] I first seen 

page 2 from Daisy Orner to Elizabeth Tyson [Tilton]
two small girls playing—Margaret and Elizabeth.
I remember the long dining room table where I made roast beef gravy and mashed potatoes for you to eat. The old oven by the kitchen door ..I made home made bread. The day the family of us would all husk sweet corn, cut it off and fill four trays to dry for to store for winter time
I am sending ? of your wedding
 Daisy Orner

Mrs Lloyd Orner
Bendersville, Pennsylvania

-------------
1 1990 November 14, Gettysburg Times, Chamber to host ‘relating’ course (Frank Patterson communications course), Quote Page 12B, Column 1, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. (NewspaperArchive)
2 Letter from Margaret B Walmer Archives

Saturday, August 22, 2020

52 Ancestors 2020 #34 - I'm Always Choosing Family

Choosing Family

The "prompt" for this was about a choosing a family (as in adoption, etc). But I was flummoxed. I could have written about Hank Monahan who was a family friend of the Higgins family a bachelor who pitched in with babysitting for my grandparents, and was always around on Sundays and holidays. But there's not much else to say. My grandfather Victor Higgins had half-brothers he treated as brothers (the Devaneys). Adoptions? I've already written about a couple adoptions (Fletcher Astels) and a DNA surprise.
I was thinking about choice, when it came to me that when you self-select to join a lineage society,  you're choosing to focus on one line of  your family. Yes, we genealogists/family historians tend to "choose" the family we wish to focus on.
With good reason: Some lines provide a wealth of saved material, and others are interesting, in either a good way or a bad way (any pirates in your family?). I have a convicted criminal in mine and my husband's ancestor was brother to no less than 3 alleged witches (all three were sisters) in the Salem Witch trials.

So I was thinking about the families I’ve CHOSEN TO OVERLOOK and why. Which families I have "chosen" to ignore? And why?  I came up with a short list & grouped them into categories. 

I - Great-great grandparents. The ones I know little about:
1 John Joseph Lawrence's parents, the Irish immigrants:
Lawrence Barnwell B 1848 Ireland D 9 Nov 1892 Brooklyn, Kings, NY, USA
and his wife and  JJL Barnwell's mother,
Mary Reynolds wife of Lawrence Barnwell, B 1 JUNE 1860 Ireland D 6 Dec 1943 Brooklyn, Kings, NY, USA
and
2 Catherine Higgins's parents in Ireland.
I presume her parents were wed, and she was not adopted.
I'm led to believe she was born in County Sligo. I have worked at finding her parents but there are too many good leads. So she’s dormant for now.
3 My husband’s paternal great grandfather - too many assumptions about him.
This was (allegedly) John Johnson from Sweden, but perhaps he was not his ancestor? Was his biological father someone else and John Johnson an adopted father (who died shortly after his death)? DNA hasn't offered us much help.

And then there are thorny issues I’ve “chosen” to ignore for the moment. For example:
II Secrets and DNA surprises
I did a post about my father's uncle who was (till then) "childless." My dad did his DNA in 2013 but only last year (2019) did a child of said childless uncle pop up in Ancestry as my dad's first cousin. Since we made contact, she's verified that she was adopted & she has a child of her own (as mentioned in the first paragraph)
More Secrets:
There a some secrets I'm privy to that I found out by accident. A few years ago I was scanning photos & asking my mother about the names. 
She told me one of my father's uncles had an entire family which I don't have in my tree. 
But I haven’t touched it. Here’s why:
One of my grandmother's other brothers (this is the sibling of the one who gave us the DNA cousin) was married and had a large family, then took a mistress, and had a large family with her. He worked to keep both families afloat financially.
And of course, now his offspring's DNA is surfacing. 
Now of course these are not ancestors but living relatives. But  we share the same ancestors.  
So, what should I do?
And how  do I record them? And do they wish to be recorded? I chose not to think about that, for the moment.

III And Firsthand Knowledge of Family Secrets
There are a lot of family “situations” I haven’t blogged about because I haven’t made up my mind whether or not I should. People make mistakes. And not everything is blog-worthy (is that a word?). 
There is general knowledge in a family which should be passed on, as in a genetic disease, for example. But where do we draw the line? Specifically when it comes to the facts of family traits. 
For example: My mother-in-law's brother died from alcoholism, as did their father. 
She always warned my husband against excessive drinking when he was a boy.
Late in life she sketched out a family tree by hand, and (at the request of a daughter) identified on it every man who was an alcoholic in the family tree. 
Her father was an alcoholic. 
And there on the family tree, Andrew Antilla has, written in bold letters:  “ALCOHOLIC”   
But what about his wife, Marion Lottie Cook? 
My mother-in-law passed away over 10 years ago. A few years ago, based on her stories, it came to me that not was her father an “alcoholic,” but her mother was an alcoholic, too. This would have been decades before it was acknowledged that women could suffer from excessive drinking.
And I wonder did their alcoholism shape their daughter, my mother-in-law? It must have been so very hard for my mother-in-law, as the eldest of 5, to not have a sober parent. So, yah, till now, I'd chosen not to write about that.  
Andrew Antilla Marion Lottie Cook May 1934, New Hampshire

IV The Old World
The Old World remains at an arms length but mostly because of my shortage of time and $. I have only dabbled in it. Mostly because I lack time, and they are (except for one) several generations distant. 

There's only so much time and attention we can give to our family tree. We're always choosing family. 

Sunday, August 16, 2020

52 Ancestors 2020 #33 - Trouble Making

Two Stories of Trouble Making

Genealogy is boring. Walking through a field of broken headstones, or looking through old books, or at stained, black & white photos of old people is boring. Unless you knew the people, or know the stories. Personal history can be everything that a movie or play is: funny, tragic, mundane, sweet, horrific and etc. If you're lucky enough, you can find the stories behind the bare facts that make genealogy fascinating.
This is the case here: In 1987 my mother's sister Mardy (Margaret Tilton) recorded her mother's (double) cousin's reminisces in 1987.  Corrine was the best candidate to interview at the time as she was 10 years older than cousin (Elizabeth, Mardy's mother). Also, Corrine's father (Edwin C Tyson) was nearly 10 years older than Elizabeth's father. Not only that, he (Corrine's father) had been keeper of the family genealogy
I came across a transcription of the 1987 interview.
I excerpted two short stories told by Corrine (Tyson Lambert), so you'll read just a gist of the story, and neither is in perfect, fluid sentences.
The first story is of her newly-wed grandmother (Maria Edith Griest, w of Charles John Tyson) and her great uncles. 
The second is of her Maria's parents Cyrus Griest and Mary Ann Cook (Griest) who were Quaker participants in the local Underground Railroad in Adams County, PA (see map below to see how close their area was to Gettysburg).
*******
Story #1 When Trouble Came To Gettysburg 
Little Brothers Run Off to “Rescue” Their Big Sister from the Battle of Gettysburg
As told by Corrine Tyson Lambert: [Charles J Tyson’s granddaughter]:
“Grandpa [Chas J Tyson] had a hand for money… He was always doing something else. He had started with a photographic studio in Gettysburg, he was there until year after the battle.
Charles John Tyson 
 And they stayed, Grandpa and Grandma, stayed living and working in Gettysburg until 1869.
Then the photographic business [called Tyson Brothers] went to his apprentice William Tipton.
Around that time, he had moved from Gettysburg up to the [Quaker] Valley. And he bought…he worked for his Father-in-law [Cyrus Griest].”
Corrine: “You see when she [Maria Griest, wife of Charles Tyson] was married (1863) her two little brothers [Griest brothers] Amos [age 15] and next boy both used to play with her--well, they were worried, because she was married, and she was in Gettysburg. 
And now part of the war was between them and her [they lived north of Gettysburg].
Maria E Griest 1861 bef marrying Chas Tyson
One day they heard somebody say, “I wish we knew whether Maria was safe,” because she had just been married [and living in Gettysburg].
And so these two little boys got up early and started on foot, without telling anybody. 
They went missing. 
They got halfway [to Gettysburg] and there was a barn there (for years I saw this barn). 
It was the one where they had gone, and they slept in the hay mow, and in the morning the farmer found them and sent them home.”
S: “They were headed for the battle of Gettysburg?”
Corrine: “They were headed for the Battle of Gettysburg. They were going to find Grandma, their sister, those two little boys. One of them was Uncle Amos. He was the youngest. And the next, must have been Uncle Cyrus.”

[Their journey would have been well over 10 miles]

Story #2 Quakers Running an Underground Railway Station in north of Gettysburg
As told by descendant Corrine
“Cyrus [Griest], whose wife was Mary Ann Cook...
Cyrus Griest h Mary Ann Cook

Mary Ann Cook w Cyrus Griest
My grandma [Maria Griest] was their oldest daughter.
Before Grandma was married, when she was 18--that was when the slaves hid in the caves up on Yellow Hill
Yesterday we went up there, and drove in back of that house and up in there.
And I could see where the path is still there that they took to go up there…I knew just about where it was and I could see where the path went up. 
The slaves would hide in the caves and come down at night.”
S: “And you can remember your grandparents talking about that?”
Red = area of Griest's & Wrights' Underground RR Stations Blue=Battle of Gettysburg
Corrine: “I remember my Grandmother [Maria Griest Tyson] told me all about that. And she taught in the schoolhouse which is the second floor of the springhouse and that is still there.”


For more information see this: http://www.menallenfriends.org/

Stories Recorded & transcribed:

Participants: Corrinne Tyson Lambert (D of Edwin Tyson & Mary Hauxhurst) Margaret B. Walmer (M) (granddaughter of Chester Tyson & Bertha Hauxhurst, d Elizabeth Tyson & Chas Tilton), her son Sam Walmer (son of Margaret Tilton Walmer)
Conversation with Corinne Lambert, granddaughter of Charles Tyson & Maria Griest recorded conversation at Hill House (Flora Dale, PA); at the Tyson Family Reunion at Mapleton, near Aspers, Adams  County, PA, May, 1987