Sunday, January 26, 2014

#3 - PS Bancroft – 3 Careers and a War (my mother's great grandfather)

Peter Sanford Bancroft, Professor, Captain, and Editor
Peter Sanford Bancroft B. 24 Dec 1830 Canaan, CT D. 16 May 1916 in Butler, PA
M. April, 1865 Isabell (Belle) S Brinker, youngest daughter of Jacob Brinker B. 1846 Butler, PA  D. 1874 Butler, PA
1 * Flora Gertrude Bancroft 1867-1949 *my great grandmother
2 Earl D Bancroft 1868-1927
3 Grove Graham Bancroft 1869-1899

When 8 years old Peter Sanford Bancroft came to Western Pennsylvania with his parents, who settled on a farm near Meadville, PA. His father was the Rev. Earl Bancroft, a retired minister and local preacher of the Methodist church. His mother was a daughter of Grove Pinney.

PS Bancroft worked on the farm, attended county schools and then Allegheny College, from which he graduated in 1855 magna cum laude

Career 1 - Professor of Greek & Latin
For the next few years he was Professor of Greek and Latin at Madison College (now part of Waynesburg U).  

Shifting: Part 2 - Civil War and an Officer 
In September, 1861, he joined the army of the Union and was made Second Lieutenant in Company E, One Hundred Eleventh Regiment, PA Infantry.
On September 17, 1862, in the battle of Antietam, his right arm was shattered by a bullet. While in hospital suffering from this wound he was promoted to the rank of Captain.
March 16, 1863, he resigned and was discharged on surgeon's certificate of disability.
In Apr. 1863 the U.S. War Department created the "Invalid Corps" made of worthy disabled officers and men who had been in the army. 
It was variously called Invalid Corps or Veteran Reserve Corps, and Bancroft signed on and he was appointed First Lieutenant in the Veteran Reserve Corps. In December he was appointed Captain and later assigned to the Third Regiment of that corps. 
This appointment was confirmed by the issue of a Captain's commission with 'the advice and consent of the Senate' and signed by President Abraham Lincoln. His grandson Charles Tilton had possession of the commissioning signed by Lincoln until he sold it to antiques dealer in the 1900's.  

Bancroft continued in the service with the Invalid/Veteran Reserve Corps until February 1866, nearly a year after the close of the war

Capt. PS Bancroft

Marriage &  New Life - part 3 - Farmer

In April, 1865, in his 35th year Bancroft married 19 year old Bella S. Brinker,  youngest daughter of Col. Jacob Brinker, a former sheriff of Butler County and Sarah Ann Graham. They were farming the Meadville farm when Belle (Brinker) Bancroft died in 1874, leaving 3 small children.

Bella (Brinker) Bancroft

Widower and Move to Town-Part 4 - Witherspoon Institute
In 1877 PS Bancroft and his family moved to Butler. In the wake of his personal economic struggles and the nationwide postwar recession, he decided to go into education.  He took the Witherspoon Academy, a school begun as a Presbyterian school and subsequently bought by Lutherans, and turned into a non-sectarian private school.  His reorganization grew as the newly re-formed Witherspoon Institute, and he was for a number of years Principal (manager and administrator).  

Part 5 - Newspaper Editor

While running the Witherspoon Institute, he was also a staunch supporter of the cause for which he fought. He'd become a member of the (fairly new) Republican Party. Eventually former war veterans who were fellow Republicans felt they needed a publication. 
In March, 1889, he entered newspaper work in the office of The Butler Eagle, and October of 189 [?}, he became associate editor of the Butler County Record.

He worked as the Associate Editor until May 6, 1916, ten days prior to his death, when he was taken ill.

PS Bancroft was living with his daughter Flora, her husband William Tilton, and his grandson, Charles Bancroft Tilton in Butler at the time of his death.

PS Bancroft (73 yrs) Charles Tilton (14 mos) Dec 1903
Further Reading:

The Butler Citizen, Thursday, November 26, 1908 - Under "Butler School History"
On Dec. 11 1819, a literary and religious institution was established by the Allegheny Presbytery and called Witherspoon Institute. Rev. Loyal Young was the first principal and David Hall assistant. School opened May 13, 1830, in the basement of the Presbyterian church, and the following year the first Institute building was erected on Main Street [in Butler, Pennsylvania]. In 1865 the Butler Academy and the Witherspoon Institute were united. It cos continued until 1877 when the property was sold to the First English Lutheran church for $6000. In 1879 Witherspoon Institute was turned into a non-sectarian school with  Prof. P S Bancroft at the head of it and J C Tintsinan [sp?] associated with him. The school flourished under the leadership of these two able instructors, and in 1882 boasted of 172 pupils. Prof Bancroft continued until 1887 when he closed it and took up other work.

The Butler Eagle was established in February, 1870, as a Republican journal.  A company, the greater number of the members of which were veterans of the War of the Rebellion, was organized with the object of giving to the county a newspaper which would expound the ideas of the soldier or military element of the Republican party, and inculcate lessons of patriotism from their point of view….under the management of Robinson & Carson, (While) they did not surrender a single Republican idea, they made politics, even in bitter campaigns, agreeable; for they surrounded attacks on the opposition with credits for the good parts of the enemy, and thus, giving justice where due, won respect.
The Eagle is credited in Rowell's Newspaper Directory with a weekly circulation of 1,800. It is well printed and edited, while its news columns tell of the thorough effort made by the publishers to gather the news items.
From March, 1888, to October, 1889, Professor Bancroft held a position in the local department of this paper.
On removing the office to Butler, the name was changed to the Butler County Record, and the first number, under this new name, was issued June 6, 1888.
On October 1, 1889, Prof. P. S. BANCROFT, formerly of the Witherspoon Institute, and later in the local department of The Eagle, was engaged as associate editor—a position he still holds.
Messrs. Herr and Bancroft are earnest workers in the newspaper field and aim to make their columns as interesting and newsy as they were in the lively days when the great Petrolia oil field yielded up its surprises, jokes and tragedies daily.
It is now a neatly printed journal of thirty-six columns, politically independent and carefully edited. The certified circulation is 1,700.
Source: History of Butler County Pennsylvania, R. C. Brown Co., Publishers, 1895

2 Fold 3
3 Photos Collection of ACharity Higgins (NYS)
4 Education:
5 Internet Archive
6 Most information about adulthood was sourced from the genealogical and historical information held in Butler County Library, Butler, PA. Thanks to the volunteers and librarian in the Butler  (Butler, Butler, PA) Library for being so helpful.

Friday, January 24, 2014

#2 - Charles J Tyson Gets Busy with Gettysburg & Other Work

Charles J Tyson abt1885
Charles and Isaac Tyson established the photography studio in Gettysburg, and hired a young assistant, a William Tipton (who became a close friend of Charles) Charles and Maria Griest of Menallen Township  married in April 1863, shortly before the battle of Gettysburg (first few days of July). They moved and just setting up house as a newly-marrieds when they were forced to flee Gettysburg for the countryside (they fled to Littlestown). They returned to find their house had been occupied. 
Charles & Isaac and Tipton got on the road to take photos in the after the battle. 

If you see their photos of the battlefield, note they do not include photos of the causalities of war. 
War is not part of the Quaker tradition, and it was thought that photos of the battlefield would glorify what is repugnant to the Quakers.  Still, the Tysons (& Tipton) took many photographs of the battlefield and its environs.  

They also took many, many photos of soldiers: both Union and Confederates sat for a photo. Many photos which they sold were later imprinted with another photographer's name (common practice). For more information on this, it is well told in the book: Gettysburg: A Journey in Time by William A. Frassanito. Here is a Tyson Bros photo of the Camp Letterman Hospital Tent from the National Archives.

On November 19, they made their way to the ceremony in which President Lincoln delivered his Gettysburg Address at the dedication of the Soldiers National Cemetery, a photographing the crowded road in front of the platform. The tree (a honey locust) was called the Witness Tree, to both the battle and the famous speech, was about 150 feet from the speakers platform. (The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York now holds this photo).
Gettysburg Address, Gettysburg, PA Tyson Bros
Charles was energetic. 
The local newspaper noted that he “possessed a progressive spirit which he carried into all his undertakings. He was not satisfied with any kind of doing but his effort was to excel. It was not in the spirit to have things better than others, but to have them done as well as they could be done.” and,  “His influence was always for better conditions. 
He took an active interest in everything involving the advantage and benefit of the community. Indeed, Menallen Township and Bendersville have in many ways felt his influence for better things.”
Eventually the brothers parted--Isaac also married a cousin of Maria (Charles' wife, Rachel Griest), and they moved to Philadelphia where he continued in photography. Charles kept his interest in the photography studio until 1865 when he sold it. 
He continued buying and selling a share in the studio to William Tipton (Tipton named his first born son Charles Tyson). Charles eventually finished with it once and for all when he sold it to Tipton in 1880. 

In 1864, he had purchased 1/3 interest in Springdale Nurseries, Cyrus Griest & Sons (his father-in-law).
In 1865 he moved out of Gettysburg, to Flora Dale, near Menallen Meeting and in 1867 bought the entire interest in Springdale Nurseries. 
In 1869 he bought the farm of 167 acres. He bought and renovated a house which was named “Mapleton” in Flora Dale, PA.

Then, in 1881 he became a charter member of Susquehanna Fertilizer Co of Baltimore, and eventually became President of the plant. The fertilizer plant had its financial ups and downs but generated more income than the nursery business.
He had big dreams and big plans: He was an ardent supporter and funder of the building of the Gettysburg & Harrisburg Railroad.  
He built an enormous barn and started a 1000-acre orchard.  He had the first bathtub with running water in Adams Count. 

His father, Edwin Comly Tyson, lost his wife and Charles' mother, he came to live with Charles and Maria.

Charles was generous with his children. To son Chester (my great grandfather) he gave a “house to fill with Tysons" (which they did), and to their daughter Mary Tyson Peters, another house, and their son Edwin (Ned), he gave Mapleton.  
He and Maria built and moved to a house in a place called Guernsey (they called the house Loma Vista).

Mapleton 1890
[The next two posts will have two other men-and a bit of what went on in their lives around the Civil War.]

1 Photo Charles J Tyson, Collection of ACharity Higgins (NYS)
2 Photo by Tyson Bros of Camp Letterman Hospital Tent (National Archives, USA)
3 Photo by Tyson of Crowd at Dedication o Soldiers National Cemetery [where Lincoln gave Gettysburg Address] (Metropolitan Museum Of Art, NY, NY, USA)
4 Photo of Musselmans Mapleton Barn, newspaper photographer, Gettysburg Times (Gettysburg, PA, USA)
5 Photo of Mapleton House, Collection of Margaret B Walmer (Aspers PA)

Thursday, January 23, 2014

#1 - Charles J Tyson Meets Maria Griest: letter to his sister

Charles Tyson Meets Maria Griest
My great-great grandfather, Charles J Tyson and his brother Isaac Tyson, young, energetic Quaker (Friends) moved from their home in Philadelphia to set up a new business: a photography studio in Gettysburg, PA in 1859.
 As the Gettysburg Compiler announces (as well as several of their own ads):
What they could not know then is that the War between the States would commence and Gettysburg would become a famous battle.  And many of their photographs would become prized possessions of collectors and museums. (That's a separate story, all together). They were still settling in and at the same time needed a shop assistant.
Charles quickly became drawn to the country side of the county and became friends with other Friends, notably a Cyrus Griest and his family of Menallen Meeting, some several miles north of Gettysburg. Of course, it helped that not only were the Griests outgoing and friendly, but that Cyrus had a beautiful and intelligent daughter, Maria.
Maria Griest Tyson -post Civil War
*Quakers used First Day for Sunday, and Seventh Day for Saturday.
[Transcript of a transcript of a letter from Charles J Tyson to his sister Ruth Anna Tyson (b. 1840-d.1914). “Original copy in possession of Edith C. Peters”]

Ruthie A B Tyson
No. 924 Cherry St
Phildelphia, Pa.

2nd Mo. 20, 1860

My very dear Sister Ruthie,
      As Brother [Isaac Tyson] wrote to thee last, I will claim the privilege this time. 
      I have so much to tell thee I scarcely know where to commence, however, Brother intends to write also so that what I miss he may think of. 
     Last Seventhday week Maggie White sent over for one of us to come to their house that her Sister Addie was dying. We were busy at the time but feeling such an interest in them Brother attended to our customers while I went over. She was very low indeed but finally recovered from her weak spell but it returned again in the evening and when Isaac and I called in she was bidding her friends goodbye. She had a kind word for all of them and talked with more strength than I expected she possessed. When giving me her last good night she thanked me very kindly for my attentions to her and earnestly desired that we would not forget Sister. She concluded by expressing a desire that we would meet again in heaven the scene of that dying change is far better imagined than described. 

     At their request I remained in the house all night but she did not depart until the following fifth day morning ½ nine o’clock during all that time she suffered intense pain, it was surprising to all how she could survive so long when we saw her Seventhday evening. I did not expect she could live two hours longer. After the funeral her Sister returned to the home and saw that it was in order after which she went to the house of a friend where she intended staying until she determined what to do. She is also in very delicate health and I would not be at all surprised to hear of her death in less than a year. A more afflicted family I think I never heard of. You will see notice of Addie’s death in the papers of this week. 
     Now we will pass from these sad recollections to thoughts more pleasant both to writer and reader, had you much snow in Philadelphia Seventhday? It commenced here sometime in the Night and continued snowing thick and fast until late in the afternoon of Seventhday - I suppose it lay a foot deep on the level and in some places it drifted (Seventhday night) several feet deep. 
      We came to unanimous conclusion that the”time had come” for us to go to “friends meeting” so off we started in quest of the “fixins” necessary for such a trip. In the first place we wanted a sleigh and the animals to pull it. Secondly we wanted a pilot to see us thro, after some hunting we succeeded in getting a fine double sleigh and a pair of spirited nags, half the battle was over. Next started the search for the pilot or pilots or pilotess or pilotessess it mattered but little to us first we called on a couple of Ladies who were acquainted in that neighbourhood. One could not go owing to some previous arrangements the other declined on account of having a bad cold. Next we thought we would try our luck with the “pilots” so we wended our way to see old James Wills who is well acquainted there and had similar fortune there. His son was absent from home, he being the only male member of the family at home he did not like to leave, as his son’s wife was confined to her room with cry spells. But he said he understood there was a young man in town who wanted badly to go “Bendersville.” He had come up from Oxford on the Engine having run into a snow drift and left the cars behind until two o’clock yesterday. So we went off in pursuit of him for our benefit as well as his - the motive might have been a little selfish but we won’t stop to discuss that now. 
    Enough that we found him at the hotel from which we hired our sleigh. After conversing with him about five minutes I discovered him to be a friend by the name of Sam’l Kent of Chester County, one of the building committee of the new meeting house. Also he was an old school mate of Cousin Pusey Miller at London Grove School and acquainted with Benny Orme & sisters. Some knowledge of Eli Thompson and Sue Miller and a school mate also of Garret Hambleton’s. By that time I felt as well acquainted with him as though I had known him for years. He was on the way to “Springdale” near “Bendersville” to attend a wedding party which was to take place there Seventhday evening. 
      Someone was to meet him in Gettysburg but neglected to do so, and thee may judge the young man was in a great way, it was then half past nine o’clock and he had but short time before arrived in Town, as the “Engine” was behind time. He said he would promise us a first rate time if we would order the sleigh and go up that night getting there about eleven o’clock and take the company by surprise. 
     We were right in for it for the distance was short-about ten miles-so we tried to get the team but Charlie Tait (the owner) was afraid to let his horses go out as they had just come in from Waynesboro, a distance of twenty-two miles so we gave up going till morning. Upon going home (our adopted home) we found a note from one of the Ladies who we first invited stating that she had decided to accept our “kind invitation” which, to speak the truth, was not the most agreeable news after we had made other somewhat conflicting arrangements. However, we went for her the following morning about half after seven o’clock and left Gettysburg flying a few minutes after eight. 
      We had a splendid ride tho it blew a perfect gale on the top of some of the very numerous hills between here and “Springdale.” We arrived at John Wrights which is one mile this side of “Springdale” a little before ten. The poor old man is totally blind and has been so for several years. His two “old maid” daughters keep house for him and an old bachelor bro. also lives with them. I never felt so perfectly at ease as I did while visiting the “Quaker Settlement” yesterday. All those we met, yes all, every one (and there was some twenty-two or three strangers) seemed to me like old friends, they all know of us by our advertisements in the papers and our friend James Wills had been up there speaking a good word for us so that our course was clear. 
      I talked about a half an hour with the old man he seemed very glad to have us come see them tho he could not see us, he spoke of a visit paid them about fifteen years ago by Samuel Levick he said he stopped in one firstday as he was passing thro the country. He had told them he had heard there was a Friends settlement there abouts and would like to attend their meeting. John made him very welcome but was all the time unconscious of his being a minister. When meeting time came, they started together and upon arriving at the meeting house John supposing him to be as he said a “sprig of a boy,” he showed him a seat in the back part of the meeting house which he took possession of but in a short time he arose moved up into the center of the meeting and gave them a “powerful sermon.” John said it almost frightened him to hear how the little fellow could talk, I don’t know what become of him after that day, expect he went his way. 
      Samuel had visited there before so that we all felt at home from the first. After warming up, we started for Sam’s Kent’s uncles (Springdale). His uncle Cyrus Griest is a very nice old Friend, as “plain as a pipe stem” and somewhat similar in size and disposition -- he is more like Thomas Hutton than any man I have ever met with. We got there about half an hour before meeting time, which this season of the year commences at eleven o’clock, his family consists at present of three Single Daughters and three single sons at home. He has two or three children married and living in the neighborhood, Annie is the eldest Daughter at home--I suppose in the vicinity of twenty five or six next and-my choice-comes Maria a sweet girl somewhere about twenty she is very intelligent and very mild my beau ideal of a “nice girl,” the next comes Lizzie about sixteen not much smaller than her sister Maria. She also and, in fact the whole family, seem to be intelligent. Of the boys Cyrus is the eldest about twenty-three, next Jesse--bout nineteen, and Little Amos in the neighborhood of twelve now that I have give thee a description of the family, I will make some comment upon the proceedings. 
No, I have entirely forgotten the old lady or “Mother” I should say, old Lady don’t seem quite to harmonize and I forget her first name She is a good-natured jolly, old Friend someone on the style of Mary Thompson but a good bit larger and when she laughs her very sides shake. She enjoyed our company very much, after we had been there for two minutes we felt entirely at home the girls were not at all forward--neither were they backward--all that was necessary was for one of us to commence a subject of conversation and they would talk and did talk. 
      Fortunately I got a near seat to my choice so by meeting time we were all right. I invited both the younger girls to ride in our sleigh, which they kindly accepted, in going to meeting, I kept them going pretty strong and in returning a little stronger. The meeting house is a small one a real old fashioned structure with the bare joists exposed. Our meeting was a quiet one and I did enjoy it in spite of my thought wandering occasionally to the other side of the meeting. We broke up about twelve and returned to “Wrights” to dinner taking our girls with us. It was after dinner that I had such a good talk with Friend John Wright. 
     Is thee tired of reading, Sis? I would like for thy sake only to stop but the theme is such a delightful one to me that I cannot cease until I have done—so thee must bear with me for I may possibly fill this page, the next, the third and the fourth as it has been so long since I wrote to thee. Thee can divide this one into three and distribute them in their places. Isaac has just declared his intention not to write until next firstday he says, He expects I have told all the news and he might as well save a postage stamp. I think it is a wise conclusion for if he finds anything to write about after I get thro it will be something that I know nothing about. Thee remembers thee sent me a letter, a sweet letter on my twenty-first birthday, this is not as good a one but it is an unusual from this source; but thee did not get it on thy birthday tho not long after. Thee can think when thee looks over thy letters that there is one from Brother Charlie, that long “foolish one.” 
       Well to return to the place that I wandered from we returned to Wrights to dine. We had a sumptuous dinner spent the afternoon there but the girls had arranged for us to take tea with them. So we left Wrights a little after four, we invited our Lady (who by this time was considerably in the way) to accompany us but she preferred spending her time with them as she was acquainted with them (the Wrights) before. So off we started and in fifteen minutes we were at “Papa” Griests again. We were cordially welcomed back and invited in the sitting room and most of the time between that and tea time I was occupied in talking with “the old man,” thee knows, kind of a getting round him, he was very open and free in his conversation and I tell thee what, thy little Brother “done his prettiest.” I talked religion to him and he talked it back again and vice-versa, from that to farms, his farm and land generally in that part of the country. I found that he owned about one hundred sixty acres of good land and his farm was well stocked. I have made some inquiry since and find he is very well off and still making money pretty fast in the nursery business, He raises all kinds of young fruit trees and sends them to his agents located in different parts of the country. 

      I tell thee what, Sis, if it was not so far off I believe I would strike in, but whether I will or not as it is, time will make manifest, thee knows I have been holding off until I met one worth and something else combined I mostly have one eye open to {?} , as I plough my furrow thro life, I have by experience been taught the necessity of doing so. 

    The Bride and groom took tea with us (the same show party Sam’l Kent was to have attended the previous evening). We were introduced to them at meeting. We found them to very clever people indeed. The supper was prepared with simplicity and much taste and the table was loaded with the best of everything, “Golden coffee” abounded. I was struck with a strange feeling of admiration as Maria stepped into the sitting room just before tea. She wore a plain dress long close sleeves small collar a small plaid apron with a bib to extended up over her breast to save her dress while getting tea. I thought to myself how scarce the ladies of this age one that would walk into a room before strangers with such an apron on – there was no false show all was plain and very neat. I liked her better for that one thing. After tea we went into the parlor I suppose the company would number about fifteen or sixteen. 
      I forgot to tell thee that Maria is teaching school at home. They call the school the “Springdale School” after the name of her father’s nurseries. She has about fifteen scholars some of whom are larger than she, the schoolroom is only a few steps from the door of the main house. The way she got to teaching school was this. They had some younger children that must be taught and there was no school very near so they concluded to start a little school on their own account, very soon they received application for the admission of several of their neighbors’ children. Maria consented to undertake the charges and so it went on, and now as previously said, her scholars number about fifteen, about ten board with them--two of those are from the State of Indiana. She speaks of discontinuing the school in the spring and commencing at another at about four miles from home. I don’t know whether she has decided positively to do so nor not but she thinks of it now. 
        (Well, Ruthie, a little more patience) the evening passed along very pleasantly indeed chatting being carried on to a very great extent in all quarters as for Brother I did not trouble myself much about him as he was old enough to see himself thro and I had about as much to do as I could cleverly manage. I gave M. a description of my movement a short time previous and since leaving home. She sympathized very much with my dear sister left at home without a Brother’s care, she made me promise that I would bring you all to see them when you come to Gettysburg next summer, I know thee will come to the conclusion that I did that they were about the most clever people thee ever met with. 
        Well to make a long story a little shorter, we retired about eleven o’clock five in two beds slept like five rocks till twenty minutes of five when we roused up, fixed ourselves for breakfast, had a little talk a while with the girls before breakfast, then took breakfast and left “Springdale” about half past six o’clock for John Wrights when we arrived they were just at breakfast. Ruth let us in we warmed up and by that time our Gettysburg”Lady” was ready to start, our ride home was truly delicious, the air was clear and cold as it is possible for it to be in this part of the country, I think but we were all proof against it fortunately, and breathing the fresh morning mountain air is very good for health. We reached Gettysburg about half past eight o’clock landed our Lady safely and opened our Establishment for business, one day of pleasure and six of business. I feel so glad to think that one long talked of and contemplated visit has turned out so favorably, it happened so fortunately that we met with Sam’l Kent, had it not been for him our introduction would very much more limited and confined and probably to one or two families for the present but as it is we have an introduction into some half dozen or more already. The Bride and Groom talk of coming in this week to have their picture taken so they may see after a while how they looked when they were first spliced. 
       Quarterly Meeting takes place up there next week commencing on Seventhday, firstday will be a large meeting the business will be mostly done on secondday. 
They all gave us repeated invitations to come up next firstday but it is doubtful whether we go tho I should like very much to attend Quarterly Meeting in the country more especially “Springdale.” I expect thee has said before this “Well I declare I believe my little Brother is in Love.” No, no Sis, not yet but to speak candidly I think few more visits up there would teach me how it feels to be in that predicament, as these is supposed to have some experience in that line of business probably thee could give me some idea of the first symptoms, but if thee thinks I am wrong in regard to thy superior knowledge of such matters thee must apply to Sis Rachie I think she could enlighten us both upon the subject without a doubt. 
       Well Ruthie I must soon come to a stop—this is the fifteenth page and it finds me “about played out” to use an inferior phrase. 
        We are both enjoying good health. I was very much surprised to see how plainly thee could write in thy crippled conditions hope thy thumb will never be any serious disadvantage to thee. 

      I was pleased to learn thee had a prospect of soon teaching again. How are you getting along in the knitting business? Do you have sufficient to employ your time? How many boarders have you now? 

        I cannot tell when I will get to Philadelphia tho I would like to in a few weeks. However, we must wait patiently till the time comes. 
  Hoping to hear from you thee, I remain thy affectionate         
  Brother Charles 
  My love to all the family. 

Dear Sis Ruthie, 
      I have had the pleasure of hearing the content of the above voluminous letter and take the opportunity of giving my full sanction to all expression of pleasure wherein given. We had a truly delightful visit, one that will long be remember with feelings of intense pleasure. 
     Charlie seems to think me old enough to take care of myself. I came to this same conclusion and pitched in with all hands generally and Lizzie in particular, occasionally with Maria but found there was no show there when Charlie was about. 
    Bro. Isaac

  1. Gettysburg Compiler, 1859
  2.  Photo Maria Griest, Margaret B Walmer Collection (Aspers, PA) 
  3. Original letter, Margaret B Walmer Collection (Aspers, PA)